Ongoing projects

NEW PROJECT - DENiM - Digital intelligence for collaborative Energy management in Manufacturing (2020-2024)

DENiM will promote technical leadership through the integration of innovative digital technologies to support the engineering of complex and highly interconnected processes and systems that enable the creation of sustainable value chains for energy-efficient manufacturing system management. The Through a co-creation approach across different industry sectors, DENiM will foster the establishment and exchange of best practices for the integration of ICT, energy optimisation and sustainable manufacturing. DENiM will provide a flexible solution that can stimulate the creation of, and adaptation to new business models that promote sustainability within the manufacturing industry (e.g. customer-driven manufacturing, circular economy).

Researchers: Jean HERVEG, Alejandra MICHEL.

NEW PROJECT - SMART 2019-0024 – Framework Contract for the Provision of Evaluation and Impact Assessment Services to DG Connect (2020-2021)

The aim of the specific project under this Framework contract is to provide DG CNECT from the EU Commission with an evaluation of the application by the EU National Regulatory Authorities of the 2010 Next Generation Access (NGA) recommendation and the 2013 Non-discrimination and costing methodologies (NDCM) recommendation. Following the adoption of Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of December 11, 2018 establishing the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC), which replaces the Directives regarding the implementation of which these recommendations were providing guidance, both recommendations need to be reviewed so that they remain fit for purpose to provide guidance on the implementation of the provisions of the EECC detailing the access, non-discrimination and pricing obligations succeeding to the provisions of the previous Directives, to which both recommendations refer. In addition to the evaluation of the implementation, the study consists in a forward-looking analysis of a number of key elements from both recommendations and proposes, whenever possible, possible approaches to be considered by the Commission in updating the current guidance. The study analyses the expected effects of these proposed approaches in terms of prices, competition and VHCN deployment in the context of ex ante regulation of broadband markets

Researchers: Christian Hocepied

NEW PROJECT - DIGI4FED - Digital Revolution in Belgian Federal Government: An Open Governance Ecosystem for Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Blockchain (2020-2022) – Study for the Belgian Science Policy Office BELSPO

DIGI4FED aims to understand how big data can be used in the Belgian federal administration system to enable better public service provision through new technologies such as artificial intelligence and blockchain. By focusing on the technical, moral, legal and organisational conditions within the internal and external federal decision-making processes, DIGI4FED aims to develop a governance design that serves the administrative and public service processes of the Belgian federal government and makes full use of the potential offered by big data and its application via artificial intelligence and blockchain technology.

Researchers: Thomas TOMBAL, Cécile DE TERWANGNE.

Accord-cadre visant les services juridiques visés à l'article 88 de la loi du 17-06-16 - Lot 7 (2020-2024) – Study for Wallonie Bruxelles Enseignement

The mission of CRIDS is to provide legal expertise to Wallonie Bruxelles Enseignement ("WBE", the organising authority for official education in the French community) on a wide variety of topics such as ICT, privacy, and intellectual property. Within this scope, CRIDS may be called upon to provide counseling on legal matters, produce normative texts, or organize training courses for WBE staff.

Researchers: Elise DEGRAVE, Antoine DELFORGE, Manon KNOCKAERT, Benoît MICHAUX, Alejandra MICHEL

IA and public service : a regulatory approach (2020-2021) – Study for AdN

The project entrusted by AdN to CRIDS/NADI for a period of one year aims to analyze the regulatory conditions for the development by the Walloon public authorities of an AI trustworthy, safe, fair, protective for citizens' interests and concerned by the pursuit of the general interest .
The project via, from one part, interviews of envolved actors and  a questionnaire sent to certain members of the administration will attempt to analyze both the expectations but also the reluctance or the difficulties of the administration towards possible projects.
A typology of possible technological applications and tasks likely to be entrusted to AI will be drawn up on the basis of examples in other European countries or at home.
The regulatory aspects project is based on a comparative analysis of both European and American policies and strategies. it describes the current state of the regulatory framework for the computerization of the Walloon administration and its numerous shortcomings. Finally, for each branch of law: administrative law (public contract, access to public data, public service laws); human rights (GDPR in particular); liability law; intellectual property law, the study examines the difficulties encountered in bringing the reality of AI into current legal frameworks. Finally an ethical framework for the development of a public service 's AI will be drafted

Researchers: Yves POULLET

Bruxelles Numérique (2020-2021) - For Perspective.Brussels

The “Bruxelles numérique” project has three objectives. As a first step, it aims to identify the current infrastructure of Brussels schools in the two Communities. Teachers will also be interviewed on their digital practices, difficulties and expectations. Once this inventory has been established, the aim is to identify the unmet needs of these schools in terms of digital education. Finally, recommendations and possible solutions will be formulated for the competent authorities in order to introduce sustainable digital infrastructure in schools.

The research project gathers researchers and academics in media literacy education, computer education and digital education from NaDi and IRDENA institutes. It is supported by the Digital Education Research Chair.

Researchers: Anne-Sophie COLLARD, Pierre-André PATOUT, Julien-Paul REMY.

Cost of Non-Europe on Artificial Intelligence – Transport (2020) – Study for the European Parliament

The development, deployment and uptake of AI technologies are among the key (emerging) drivers of economic, social, environmental and geopolitical transformations. What is the added value of taking collective European Union action on AI? This is the key question that this project aims to address. To assess added value in quantitative and qualitative terms, the Cost of Non-Europe on Artificial Intelligence (AI CoNE), should first provide evidence on the scale and the structure of the transformations of the EU economy and society resulting from the uptake of AI technologies. Second, an analysis of the ‘AI fitness’ of the current regulatory framework should be provided. Third, quantification of the cost of Non-Europe should be detailed, and finally adjustments and actions on the EU level that can boost European added value should be identified. The AI CoNE will focus on transport, mobility and logistics.

CRIDS contributes to this study by participating to the analysis of the ‘AI fitness’ of the current regulatory framework.

Researchers: Alexandre DE STREEL, Florian JACQUES.

BOOST (2020) - For the European Commission

The BOOST project aims at providing SME's with practical and straightforward support to facilitate their compliance with the GDPR, with a special focus on 3 aspects of data protection :

1. Transparency;
2. Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA);
3. Identification of “controller” and “processor”.

The main outcomes will consist in :
- a FAQs brochure;
- new tools to facilitate SMEs’ compliance with the GDPR;
- seminars for all types of SMEs.

The project is funded by the European Commission (DG Justice and Consumers - Grant Agreeement n° 874505). The members of the consortium are the Belgian DPA, KULeuven, VUB and UNamur.

Researchers: Cécile DE TERWANGNE, Jean HERVEG, Jean-Marc VAN GYSEGHEM

Expertise juridique dans le cadre de projets de partage de données (2020-2023) - For the Walloon Region

The main mission of CRIDS is to take an active part in supporting and accompanying the Crossroads Bank for Data Exchange ("BCED" - a joint body of the Walloon Region and the French Community) in the various legislative steps (analysis of legal bases, proposals for legislative amendments, drafting of bills in collaboration with public authorities) to be undertaken in the context of administrative simplification projects.
These legislative approaches mainly concern the exchange of data between Walloon and French Community public administrations, the implementation of new authentic data sources, and assistance in accessing authentic sources held by other administrations.

Researchers: Elise DEGRAVE

BESOCIAL (2019-2022) - Towards a sustainable social media archiving strategy for Belgium - BELSPO-BRAIN

The BESOCIAL research project aims to develop a sustainable social media archiving strategy for Belgium. Indeed, social networks are full of ephemeral content that can nevertheless be of great heritage interest to Belgian citizens. The aim of BESOCIAL is therefore, by adopting a multidisciplinary approach (technical, operational and legal aspects), to develop a strategy at the Belgian federal level to preserve and archive these contents and give access to them to both the scientific community and the general public.

Researchers: Alejandra MICHEL

Les sciences participatives: un défi pour l'objectivité scientifique? (2019-2022) - For FNRS

This research project interrogates, in both a descriptive and a normative way, the consequences of the growing influence of so-called “citizen science” (CS) on the objectivity of scientific research. Whereas the participation of citizens who are no professional scientists to the construction of knowledge is relatively well studied in a descriptive way, philosophers have not yet investigated in a systematic way its burdens and benefits for the objectivity of the research process. Yet, these participatory practices modify the way science is made, and they sometimes meet resistances from scientists themselves (Riesch and Potter, 2014; Golumbic, 2017). Indeed, important epistemological concerns may be raised: the quality of the data collected by crowd-sourcing programs (Resnik, 2015), but also the lack of neutrality of the militant groups (for instance, NGOs) which engage into citizen science to defend a political agenda (Sarewitz, 2000). More general, participation disturbs the self-regulatory mechanisms characterizing scientific communities, and thus may constitute (at least in prima facie) a challenge to the very objectivity of the research process. Whatever the exact meaning we give to this concept, objectivity is widely recognized as the main justification of the social authority of science, and/or of its epistemological value. It is therefore crucial to understand (i) how citizen science may threaten, or promote, the objectivity of science, and (ii) how participative programs should be designed to preserve or improve this objectivity. To do so, the goals of the research project are, first, to propose a conceptual analysis of the notion of scientific objectivity as it may be applied to citizen science; second, to apply this conceptual analysis to concrete CS programs; and, third, to give some recommendations to improve CS programs and I compare these recommendations with the « good practices » identified by the institutional reports.

Researchers: Antoinette ROUVROY.

Government of the German-speaking Community of Belgium - Legal and regulatory support to the Government of the German-speaking Community of Belgium for the review and amendment of the 2005 'Mediendekret' (2019-2021)

A recast of the Mediendekret  is necessary view of the transposition, as far as they cover competences of the Communities,  i) Directive (EU) 2018/1808 of  14 November 2018 on audio-visual media services, ii) Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of December 11, 2018 establishing the European Electronic Communications Code and iii) Directive (EU) 2019/882 of 17 April 2019 European Accessibility Act.  The support entailed not only identifying the current provisions that needed to be amended in view of the transposition, but also making drafting suggestions.  In addition, to the transposition of the EU Directives, the task encompassed also making proposals to streamline the current institutional setting of the Medienrat as well as of procedures for granting spectrum licences to in particular radio broadcasters.

Researchers: Christian Hocepied

DCH - Developing a Digital Clearinghouse (2019-2022) - For the Roi Baudouin Open Society Foundation

The application aims to develop a Digital Clearinghouse (DCH), a voluntary network of authorities involved in enforcement of laws in the digital markets. The platform is intended to facilitate cooperation, dialogue and exchange of best practices within the bounds of their respective competences, so as to achieve a coherent enforcement of rights in all domains of laws impacting digital markets. The project consists in organizing regular closed roundtables between the enforcement authorities and invited experts and two public international conferences with enforcement authorities, policy makers, academics and digital firms. An effective communication will ensure the dissemination of the output of those roundtables and conferences.

Researchers: Alexandre DE STREEL

SPARTA (2019-2022) - For the European Commission

Sparta aims at re-thinking the way cybersecurity is performed in Europe across domains and expertise, from foundations to applications.

Researchers: Manon KNOCKAERT.

EU Delegation in Tunis – technical support to the Tunisian authorities in the framework of the ALECA negotiations, in the area of completion law and State aid (2018-2020)

The support entailed the drafting of three reports. The first detailing the ‘acquis’ of the EU in these areas to which the draft ALECA agreement refers for the interpretation of the concepts of anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position, merger and State aid. The second report consisted in an overview of the current Tunisian rules in the area of competition law and the granting of aid to undertakings, and their implementation. The third report is a gap analysis aiding to identify the areas where the Tunisian situation diverges from the EU acquis in the area of competition law and State aid.

Researchers: Christian Hocepied

VIADUCT (2018-2021) - For MecaTech

The VIADUCT research project aims at designing, developing and validating of new products and services based on human machine multimodal interface, centred on voice and focusing on senior people for autonomous and automated vehicles.  The development new technologies within the field of automotive raises major questions in relation to different areas of law. The research pursued within VIADUCT particularly focus on data protection, liability and road safety.

Researchers: Florian JACQUES.

WALECITIES (2017-2021) - For the European Union (FEDER)

Wal-e-Cities is a research project aiming at the development of Smart Cities in Wallonia in a specific context. Wallonia consists of medium-size cities in a rural and urban small territory, with 5 main attractive and innovative poles, meaning that the Smart City concept has to be considered at a Smart Region level.

Researchers: Alejandra MICHEL.

GreenWork (2017-2021) - For the Province of Namur

The GreenWork research is a three years doctoral project financed by the Close Foundation (Province de Namur). The context is the building of the future Provincial Administration House (MAP), integrating management innovations in space designing, i.e. new work organization and agents’ ecological responsibility. The research question asks how systems of participation influence social appropriation of the project by the agents. We analyze systems of participation during the project process and how they produce social appropriation defined as the construction of a shared and accepted representation of the project as well as organizational practices oriented to the change.

Researchers: Anne-Sophie COLLARD, Claire LOBET, Sami PIECZYNSKI.

Pacte d'Excellence Numérique (2016-2021) - For the Wallonia-Brussels Federation

The research aims to support the "Pacte pour un enseignement d'excellence". Specifically, the project consists in designing digital tools for education. The CRIDS provides scientific support in the "Digital Education" consortium and contributes to the development, testing and validation of these tools.

ResearchersAnne-Sophie COLLARDKathleen DE GROVECarole DELFORGEAlyson HERNALESTEEN.

FLEXPUB (2015-2020) - For the Belgian Science Policy Office BELSPO

The project is focused on the development of eGovernment services and the phenomenon of digitalization of public services. This development raises legal (intellectual property, data and privacy protection, responsibility), technical and organisational questions. On the basis of case studies by the National Geographic Institute (IGN), the research team answers these questions to develop a federal model of deployment of electronic services in the framework of the eGovernment.

CRIDS Documentary Database